What is myofascial?
“Myo” means muscle tissue and “fascia” means the layer of connective tissue supporting the structure of the spine and musculoskeletal system. The fascia surrounds the muscles and allows for the smooth gliding of one muscle upon another.
Injury, poor posture, inflammation or repetitive strain, may cause myofascial trigger points which are associated with palpable nodules, or knots, in muscle fibers. These nodules can cause sensitivity, pain and tightness in the skeletal muscle which frequently radiates from these points of local tenderness to broader skeletal muscles.
What is myofascial release?
Myofascial release is a therapy technique used to treat pain caused by myofascial nodules. Myofascial release focuses on reducing pain by easing the tension and tightness in the trigger points. Myofascial release can also be used over a broad area of skeletal muscle and tissue rather than single trigger points. This therapy includes the use of direct pressure upon the trigger point, and the use of active release techniques.
Possible signs and symptoms of myofascial pain syndrome:
• A muscle that is sensitive or tender when touched.
• Muscle pain that happens with pressure on a trigger point.
• Pain that feels like aching, burning, stinging, or stabbing.
• Reduced range of motion in the affected area.
• A feeling of weakness in the affected muscle.
What other conditions can be treated by myofascial release therapy?
Other conditions treated by myofascial release therapy include Temporo-Mandibular Joint (TMJ) disorder, carpal tunnel syndrome, and possibly fibromyalgia or migraine headaches.